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Revision #1 to TR05-133 | 8th October 2007 00:00

Explicit Codes Achieving List Decoding Capacity: Error-correction with Optimal Redundancy

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Revision #1
Authors: Venkatesan Guruswami, Atri Rudra
Accepted on: 8th October 2007 00:00
Downloads: 837
Keywords: 


Abstract:

We present error-correcting codes that achieve the information-theoretically best possible trade-off between the rate and
error-correction radius. Specifically, for every $0 < R < 1$ and $\eps
> 0$, we present an explicit construction of error-correcting codes of
rate $R$ that can be list decoded in polynomial time up to a fraction
$(1-R-\eps)$ of {\em worst-case} errors. At least theoretically, this
meets one of the central challenges in algorithmic coding theory.


Our codes are simple to describe: they are {\em folded Reed-Solomon
codes}, which are in fact {\em exactly} Reed-Solomon (RS) codes, but
viewed as a code over a larger alphabet by careful bundling of
codeword symbols. Given the ubiquity of RS codes, this is an
appealing feature of our result, and in fact our methods directly
yield better decoding algorithms for RS codes when errors occur in
{\em phased bursts}.

The alphabet size of these folded RS codes is polynomial in the block
length. We are able to reduce this to a constant (depending on
$\eps$) using ideas concerning ``list recovery'' and
expander-based codes. Concatenating the folded RS codes with suitable inner codes also gives us polynomial time constructible binary codes that can be efficiently list decoded up to the Zyablov bound, i.e., up to twice the radius achieved by the standard GMD decoding of concatenated codes.


Paper:

TR05-133 | 17th November 2005 00:00

Explicit Capacity-Achieving List-Decodable Codes





TR05-133
Authors: Venkatesan Guruswami, Atri Rudra
Publication: 17th November 2005 01:55
Downloads: 706
Keywords: 


Abstract:

For every $0 < R < 1$ and $\eps > 0$, we present an explicit
construction of error-correcting codes of rate $R$ that can be list
decoded in polynomial time up to a fraction $(1-R-\eps)$ of errors.
These codes achieve the ``capacity'' for decoding from {\em adversarial} errors, i.e., achieve the {\em optimal}~ trade-off between rate and error-correction radius. At least theoretically, this meets one of the central challenges in coding theory.

Prior to this work, explicit codes achieving capacity were not known
for {\em any} rate $R$. In fact, our codes are the first to beat
the error-correction radius of $1-\sqrt{R}$, that was achieved for
Reed-Solomon codes in \cite{GS}, for all rates $R$. (For rates $R <
1/16$, a recent breakthrough by Parvaresh and Vardy
improved upon the $1-\sqrt{R}$ bound;~ for $R \to 0$, their
algorithm can decode a fraction $1-O(R \log(1/R))$ of errors.)

Our codes are simple to describe --- they are certain {\em folded
Reed-Solomon codes}, which are in fact {\em exactly} Reed-Solomon (RS) codes, but viewed as a code over a larger alphabet by careful
bundling of codeword symbols. Given the ubiquity of RS codes, this
is an appealing feature of our result, since the codes we propose
are not too far from the ones in actual use.


The main insight in our work is that some carefully chosen folded RS
codes are ``compressed" versions of a related family of
Parvaresh-Vardy codes. Further, the decoding of the folded RS codes
can be reduced to list decoding the related Parvaresh-Vardy codes.
The alphabet size of these folded RS codes is polynomial in the block length. This can be reduced to a (large) constant using ideas concerning ``list recovering'' and expander-based codes. Concatenating the folded RS codes with suitable inner codes also gives us polytime constructible binary codes that can be efficiently list decoded up to the Zyablov bound.



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