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Revision #2 to TR10-006 | 20th January 2010 04:33

Fooling functions of halfspaces under product distributions

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Revision #2
Authors: Parikshit Gopalan, Ryan O'Donnell, YI WU, David Zuckerman
Accepted on: 20th January 2010 04:33
Downloads: 818
Keywords: 


Abstract:

We construct pseudorandom generators that fool functions of halfspaces (threshold functions) under a very broad class of product distributions. This class includes not only familiar cases such as the uniform distribution on the discrete cube, the uniform distribution on the solid cube, and the multivariate Gaussian distribution, but also includes any product of discrete distributions with probabilities bounded away from 0.
Our first main result shows that a recent pseudorandom generator construction of Meka and Zuckerman [MZ09], when suitably modifed, can fool arbitrary functions of d halfspaces under product distributions where each coordinate has bounded fourth moment. To eps-fool any size-s, depth-d decision tree of halfspaces, our pseudorandom generator uses seed length O((d log(ds/eps)+log n) log(ds/eps)). For monotone functions of d halfspaces, the seed length can be improved to O((d log(d/eps)+log n) log(d/eps)). We get better bounds for larger eps; for example, to 1/polylog(n)-fool all monotone functions of (log n)= log log n halfspaces, our generator requires a seed of length just O(log n). Our second main result generalizes the work of Diakonikolas et al. [DGJ+09] to show that bounded independence suffices to fool functions of halfspaces under product distributions. Assuming each coordinate satisfies a certain stronger moment condition, we show that any function computable by a size-s, depth-d decision tree of halfspaces is eps-fooled by O(d^4s^2/eps^2)-wise independence.


Revision #1 to TR10-006 | 11th January 2010 18:28

Fooling functions of halfspaces under product distributions





Revision #1
Authors: Parikshit Gopalan, Ryan O'Donnell, YI WU, David Zuckerman
Accepted on: 11th January 2010 18:28
Downloads: 726
Keywords: 


Abstract:

We construct pseudorandom generators that fool functions of halfspaces (threshold functions) under a very broad class of product distributions. This class includes not only familiar cases such as the uniform distribution on the discrete cube, the uniform distribution on the solid cube, and the multivariate Gaussian distribution, but also includes any product of discrete distributions with probabilities bounded away from 0.
Our first main result shows that a recent pseudorandom generator construction of Meka and Zuckerman [MZ09], when suitably modifed, can fool arbitrary functions of d halfspaces under product distributions where each coordinate has bounded fourth moment. To eps-fool any size-s, depth-d decision tree of halfspaces, our pseudorandom generator uses seed length O((d log(ds/eps)+log n) log(ds/eps)). For monotone functions of d halfspaces, the seed length can be improved to O((d log(d/eps)+log n) log(d/eps)). We get better bounds for larger eps; for example, to 1/polylog(n)-fool all monotone functions of (log n)= log log n halfspaces, our generator requires a seed of length just O(log n). Our second main result generalizes the work of Diakonikolas et al. [DGJ+09] to show that bounded independence suffices to fool functions of halfspaces under product distributions. Assuming each coordinate satisfies a certain stronger moment condition, we show that any function computable by a size-s, depth-d decision tree of halfspaces is eps-fooled by O(d^4s^2/eps^2)-wise independence.


Paper:

TR10-006 | 11th January 2010 07:29

Fooling functions of halfspaces under product distributions





TR10-006
Authors: YI WU, Ryan O'Donnell, David Zuckerman, Parikshit Gopalan
Publication: 11th January 2010 12:22
Downloads: 807
Keywords: 


Abstract:

We construct pseudorandom generators that fool functions of halfspaces (threshold functions) under a very broad class of product distributions. This class includes not only familiar cases such as the uniform distribution on the discrete cube, the uniform distribution on the solid cube, and the multivariate Gaussian distribution, but also includes any product of discrete distributions with probabilities bounded away from 0.
Our first main result shows that a recent pseudorandom generator construction of Meka and Zuckerman [MZ09], when suitably modifed, can fool arbitrary functions of d halfspaces under product distributions where each coordinate has bounded fourth moment. To eps-fool any size-s, depth-d decision tree of halfspaces, our pseudorandom generator uses seed length O((d log(ds/eps)+log n) log(ds/eps)). For monotone functions of d halfspaces, the seed length can be improved to O((d log(d/eps)+log n) log(d/eps)). We get better bounds for larger eps; for example, to 1/polylog(n)-fool all monotone functions of (log n)= log log n halfspaces, our generator requires a seed of length just O(log n). Our second main result generalizes the work of Diakonikolas et al. [DGJ+09] to show that bounded independence suffices to fool functions of halfspaces under product distributions. Assuming each coordinate satisfies a certain stronger moment condition, we show that any function computable by a size-s, depth-d decision tree of halfspaces is eps-fooled by O(d^4s^2/eps^2)-wise independence.



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